Kata originally were teaching and training methods by which successful combat techniques were preserved and passed on. The basic goal of kata is to preserve and transmit proven techniques and to practice self-defence. By practicing in a repetitive manner the learner develops the ability to execute those techniques and movements in a natural, reflex-like manner. View Karate Kata ( 型 ) »

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Kata (型 or 形 literally: "form")

Comparison in Karate Styles


The table contains a comparison of karate styles. Some of the distinguishing features are listed, such as lineage, general form of stances, and number of kata. However, the differences attributed to "style" are often a reflection of the disposition and preference of the teaching instructor (i.e. there are softer and harder schools of each style, some schools focus little on kata while others emphasise it, some will add or remove certain kata, etc.).

The four earliest karate styles developed in Japan are Shotokan, Wado-ryu, Shito-ryu, and Gōjū-ryū. The first three styles find their origins in the Shuri region of Okinawa whilst Goju-ryu finds its origins in the Naha province.

Stances Representative kata # of kata
Chitō-ryū natural stride (beginner), shorter / narrower (advanced) Shi Ho Hai, Seisan, Ro Hai Sho, Niseishi, Bassai, Chinto, Sochin, Tenshin, Ro Hai Dai, Sanshiryu, Ryushan, Kusanku, Sanchin 15 kata not including kihon and Bo kihon / kata
Gōjū-ryū deep / natural Sanchin, Tensho, Gekisai Dai, Seipai, Saifa 12
Gosoku-ryū deep (beginner), natural (advanced) Gosoku, Rikyu, Denko Getsu, Tamashi 46 including weapons kata
Isshin-ryū natural Sunsu 14
Kyokushin natural 5 Pinan, Kanku, Tensho, Garyu 23 (+ ura)
Ryūei-ryū natural Anan, Paiku, Heiku, Pachu, Ohan, Paiho, Niseishi about 16
Shindō jinen-ryū deep / natural Shimpa, Taisabaki 1-3, Sunakake no Kon More than 60 counting all kobudo kata
Shitō-ryū deep / natural Pinan, Bassai Dai, Seienchin, Saifa, Rōhai, Nipaipo more than 80
Shōrin-ryū natural Pinan, Naihanchi, Fukyu 21
Shotokan deep (beginner), natural (advanced) 5 Heian, Jion, Kanku Dai, Bassai Dai, Sochin etc. 26 + additional
Shuri-ryū deep / natural Wunsu, O-Naihanchi, Sanchin 15
Uechi-ryū mainly natural Sanchin, Seisan, Sanseirui 8
Wado-ryū mainly natural Pinan, Kushanku, Seishan, Chintō 15 (one hidden)
Yōshūkai deep (beginner), natural (advanced) Seisan, Bassai, Yoshu, San Shi Ryu 18

Kata performed in various styles

Some kata and/or styles are not included here, due but not limited to popularity and common usage for kata, and recognition (or not) of styles by the various governing bodies.

Kata
  Gōjū-ryū
  Shitō-ryū
  Shōrin-ryū
  Shotokan
  Shuri-ryū
  Wadō-ryū
  Isshin-ryū
  Gensei-ryū
Ananku Yes Yes Yes
Annan Yes
Annanko Yes
Chatanyara Kushanku Yes Some
Chinte Yes Some Yes
Chintō / Gankaku Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fukyugata / Gekisai / Shinsei Yes Yes Some
Gojūshiho Yes Yes Yes
Happiken
Jiin Yes Yes
Jion Yes Some Yes Yes
Jitte Yes Some Yes Yes Yes
Jyuroku Yes
Kururunfa Yes Yes
Kusanku / Kanku-dai Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Naihanchi / Tekki Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nipaipo / Neipai Yes
Niseishi / Nijushiho Yes Some Yes Yes
Passai / Bassai Dai Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Passai / Bassai Sho Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pinan / Heian Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Rōhai / Meikyo Yes Yes Some Yes Yes
Ryuko Some Some
Saifā Yes Yes
Sanchin Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sankakutobi
Sanseiru / Sanseru Yes Yes
Seichin
Seipai Yes Yes Yes
Seiryu
Seisan / Hangetsu Yes Yes Some Yes Yes Yes Yes
Seiyunchin / Seienchin Yes Yes Yes Yes
Shimpa Yes
Shisōchin Yes Yes
Sōchin Yes Yes
Suparinpei / Pechurin / Hyaku Hachi Ho Yes Yes Some
Taikyoku Some Yes Some Yes Yes Yes
Tensho Yes Yes Some Yes
Ten No Kata Some Yes
Unsu / Unshu Yes Yes
Wankan Yes Yes Yes Yes
Wanshu / Enpi (Empi) Yes Some Yes Yes Yes Yes

 

Kata
  Kyokushin kaikan
  Tōon-ryū
  Uechi-ryū
  Ryukyu Kempo
  Shindō jinen-ryū
  Shukokai
  Shōrinjiryū Kenkōkan
Ananku Yes Yes Some
Annan Yes
Annanko Yes
Chatanyara Kushanku Yes
Chinte Yes
Chintō / Gankaku Yes Yes Yes
Fukyugata / Gekisai / Shinsei Yes
Gojūshiho Yes Yes Yes
Happiken Yes
Jiin Yes Yes
Jion Some Yes Yes Some
Jitte Yes
Jyuroku Yes
Kururunfa Yes Yes
Kusanku / Kanku-dai Yes Yes Yes
Naihanchi / Tekki Some Yes Yes
Nipaipo / Neipai Yes
Niseishi / Nijushiho Yes Yes Yes Yes
Passai / Bassai Dai Some Yes Yes Some
Passai / Bassai Sho Some Yes Some Yes
Pinan / Heian Yes Yes Yes Yes Some
Rōhai / Meikyo Yes Yes Some
Ryuko Some
Saifā Yes Yes Yes
Sanchin Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sankakutobi Yes
Sanseiru / Sanseru Yes
Seichin Yes Yes
Seipai Yes Yes Yes
Seiryu Yes Yes
Seisan / Hangetsu Yes Yes Yes Some
Seiyunchin / Seienchin Yes Yes Yes
Shimpa Yes
Shisōchin Yes
Sōchin Yes Some
Suparinpei / Pechurin / Hyaku Hachi Ho Yes Yes
Taikyoku Yes Yes
Tensho Yes
Ten No Kata
Unsu / Unshu Yes
Wankan Yes Yes Some
Wanshu / Enpi (Empi) Yes Yes

 


Related Information on Karate Kata

RESOURCES
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Comparison of Karate styles", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 

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